The Effects of Polar Ice Caps Melting
The issue of polar ice caps melting is becoming a major issue. This is because the researches have shown that the rate of the melting of the ice caps is going on at an alarming rate. The effects of the ice caps melting are also going to be tremendous. They will not only affect the ecosystem but they will also affect the climate, the ozone layer, the sea level andmuch more. The following are some of these effects.
With the polar ice caps melting the ecosystems will be greatly affected. This is especially true for the animals located in the Arctic area. Examples of these animals are the seals and the polar bears. Their bodies are designed by nature and evolution to be suitable for the Arctic weather. But with the ice caps melting it would be hard for them to live. The same goes for the migratory animals that go to the Arctic; they will also be affected by the polar ice caps melting. For the people who live near the coastline of the Arctic there is the possibility of being flooded. The infrastructures in the region may literally fall down since the ground will thaw out.
The global temperature is also affected by the polar ice caps melting. By nature the polar ice caps have the role of regulating the temperature of the Earth. The climate is not so hot because the sunlight that strikes the ice caps is reflected back to space. If the ice caps melt then the oceans and the land will absorb the heat of the sunlight making the temperature of the world warmer. It is also possible that with warmer temperature the weather will be more intense.
Another effect of the polar ice caps melting is the rise of the sea levels. The NASA has stated that until 1933 the rise of global sea levels was only at 1.7 millimeters per year. But starting 1993 the rate has drastically increased to 3.33 millimeters per year.